Paternity DNA Tests & Testing Guides

dad and son

Paternity testing can be important for a number of reasons. At the most basic level it is about who is the father of a child but it can also be used to settle legal issues like child support and child custody.

What Does A  Home DNA Test mean?

Home DNA testing kits are where you conduct the DNA test in your own home by yourself. The key here is that home DNA tests require self collection of the DNA sample. Most require a simple saliva test.You then return your sample and have access to your results either online or they are sent to you at home.

How Accurate Are Home Paternity Tests?

Most test providers say that their tests are 99.99% accuarte.Most only require samples from the father and the child but some say that they also like to have samples from the mother.

What Does The Test Involve?

Test providers are different but the easiest test for people requires oral swabs to be collect from the inside of your cheek. This is quick and painless, and just requires you to rub what looks like a cotton bud on the inside of your cheek.

What Is the Human Tissue Act?

In the UK it is law that to collect and analyse human tissue the donor of that tissue must give their consent in writing.

How Does A Home paternity test Differ from a legal test?

The key difference is that a home paternity test will give you peace of mind that you are the father of a child. These tests however have no legal validity. A legal paternity test would be required in court cases, immigration or child support issues. They require an independent third party to collect the sample who would usually be a nurse or medical practitioner.You cannot upgrade a home test result to a legal result as you have performed the sample gathering yourself  as opposed to a third party.

What Does A Paternity Report Say?

Most test providers will e mail the results to you. Most are fairly simple and will either state that on the basis of the analysis of various DNA markers then you either are or are not the biological father of a child. Some test providers will turn the testing around in 24 hours, but these tests do cost more.

What Is the Science Involved?

A child will inherit half its DNA from its mother and the other half from its father. Most test providers will look at around 35 DNA markers and look at the childs DNA. To be the biological father the fathers DNA and the childs will have identical DNA at each marker.

DNA tests For Other relationships

Many test providers will also test DNA for sibling relationships, grandparents and avuncular relationships(aunts/uncles).

What To Consider Before You Buy A Home DNA Test

The first thing is to be clear about is what DNA can provide us with the answers with and what it cannot. This is particularly relevant when testing for health and fitness issues. You should also consider whether you are fully prepared for what the data may tell you. This is  particularly important in paternity testing. Some test providers do provide counselling support should you require it.You may want to check to see if the company you have bought the test from provide any form of support services afterwards.This may be very important if you discover that you may be predisposed towards a certain disease or have a major food intolerance or more pertinently you are not the father of a child. Finally, do check out the company that are analysing your DNA. Do they comply with international guidelines on the use of genetic data and is your data safe? Some companies have sold on genetic data without the consent of the donors so this is one online purchase where you really must read the small print.